The two biggest threats to elephants are poaching and human-wildlife conflict. Too many herds are stuck in shrinking habitats as human populations increase. This leads to increased interactions that can result in damage to crops or property and too often ends in retaliation rather than a long-term solution. Poaching has also become such a prevalent problem that more elephants are being poached now than are being born. Elephants have already been driven to extinction in countries like Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Togo.